Wednesday, August 27, 2008
In the aviation industry, a fixed base operator (also known as fixed base of operation), or FBO, is a service center at an airport that may be a private enterprise or may be a department of the municipality that the airport serves. At a minimum, most FBOs offer aircraft fuel, oil, and parking, along with access to washrooms and telephones. Some FBOs offer additional aircraft services such as hangar (indoor) storage, maintenance, aircraft charter or rental, flight training, deicing, and ground services such as towing and baggage handling. FBOs may also offer services not directly related to the aircraft, such as rental cars, lounges, and hotel reservations. Entire article at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fixed_base_operator (it's pretty interesting actually).
At my job we visit these FBOs regularly. Depending on the time of day, or how large their operation is, determines how many people are on duty. Some of the w in these pictures (and the sun coming up through the clouds - which is why the inside of the building appears so dark). The people at the desk ring up our bill and direct the line personnel to fuel our aircraft, get newspapers, ice (for the passengers' drinks) and coffee, and anything else we need. This particular morning we didn't have to leave for a while, so we got our breakfast and enjoyed it in the pilot lounge. When it was time to leave, the line personnel marshalled us out of our parking space and off the ramp to the taxiway!
Tuesday, August 26, 2008
The Sun, Earth's main source of energy, continuously showers the planet with electromagnetic radiation. About 31% of this solar radiation is reflected back towards space, about 23% is absorbed by the atmosphere, and about 46% is absorbed by Earth's surface. Earth's surface re-emits some of this absorbed energy as infrared radiation, and this heat energy is then absorbed by greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. Energy is also radiated from the atmosphere and warms Earth.from: http://www.teachersdomain.org/resources/ess05/sci/ess/watcyc/convective/index.html
Air near the ground is also warmed by conduction — the direct transfer of energy between objects in contact by the collision of their molecules. However, air is not a very good conductor. A more efficient mode of energy
transfer within the atmosphere is convection — the transfer of heat through the movement of matter. As a region of surface air is warmed, the molecules move
faster and the air expands and becomes less dense. Less dense air rises through the cooler and denser air above it in the process of convection. These parcels of rising warm air, called thermals, can lead to the formation of cumulus clouds.
As air rises, it moves into an environment of lower atmospheric pressure, and as a result, it expands further and cools. When the temperature of the air drops below the dew point point, the rate at which invisible water vapor condenses onto cloud condensation nuclei — tiny particles in the air such as dust, sea spray, and industrial aerosols — exceeds the rate of evaporation of liquid water. Billions of these tiny water droplets or ice crystals may develop and collect to form a cloud. When the droplets or ice crystals grow too large to remain suspended in the air, they fall to the ground as precipitation.
Because warm air is less dense than cold air, and moist air is less dense than dry air, the warm and moist air of the tropics provides an ideal environment for convection. Along coastal locations in the tropics, convection is often easy to observe on a warm, sunny day. While cumulus clouds are found over both land and water, they tend to form over land earlier in the day than over water. This is because water has a higher heat capacity than land — it takes a lot more energy to raise the temperature of water than to raise the temperature of land. As a result, land warms more rapidly than water and is able to heat the surface air to a higher temperature.
Whether or not cumulus clouds bring about thunderstorms depends on the stability of the surrounding atmosphere. If the air around the cloud is stable, vertical air motion and cloud growth is inhibited. However, if the air around the cloud is unstable, vertical motion is enhanced and the cloud continues to grow, potentially into a
Monday, August 25, 2008
Saturday, August 23, 2008
The tip is timely because I was just telling me some people yesterday that a controller gave me a hard time on the radio for not responding back when he told me I had read back the clearance correctly. In other words, I had called up for my clearance, he read it to me, and I am required to read it back to make sure I had gotten it right, which I did. So he responded with my call sign and "readback correct." Should be end of story, right? Instead, he got on the radio and angrily said my call sign and "readback correct, OVER." (Over means the person on the radio is expecting a response.) So I said my call sign and "thanks?," not knowing what else he was looking for. After I told this story, a pilot took me to the side (in respect to any hurt feelings I might have, I guess) to let me know that sometimes the controllers like you to respond with your callsign so that they are reassured that you heard them.
I guess in smaller airports this would be ok. But in many larger airports, radio traffic is so crowded, they expect you to ONLY respond back with your callsign and your transponder code, unless you have questions with your clearance. Ultimately, though, pilots are supposed to be brief and to the point on the radio and avoid "unnecessary chatter." As a friend mentioned, there is nothing worse than flying toward a kind of airspace where you need specific clearance to enter, where another pilot gets on the frequency and starts telling their life story. Pilots do and have to turn around and circle til they get clearance into the airspace. Grr, huh?
So, in the end, would I have been wrong to respond to the controllers "readback correct" with yet another transmission? No. But he was wrong to growl at me on the radio demanding a unnecessary acknowledgement. All pilots and controllers need to be familiar with the publication described below so there are no (or fewer) misunderstandings!
'ACKNOWLEDGE!'Sometimes in busy airspace or on the ground at a bustling airport, you'll hear a controller fire off instructions followed by a command such as, "Hold short, 'acknowledge' hold." Why was "acknowledge" added to the transmission? What should the acknowledging pilot say?
The specific meaning of "acknowledge," given in the "Pilot/Controller Glossary" in the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM), is "Let me know that you have received my message." That's always key to clear communications. So if a controller specifically requests that you "acknowledge," give an immediate, positive response.
"When talking to a controller, the general rule is that you must fully acknowledge all commands. Climbs, descents, turns, and clearances must be repeated so that the controller knows that you received the proper information. Acknowledging a descent clearance with just your call sign is not acceptable and can incur the wrath of the controllers, especially if they are busy and have to waste time getting you to do your job. Likewise, acknowledging a command without using your call sign is also a no-no, because the controller doesn't know which aircraft took the command," Chip Wright said in the May 2005 AOPA Flight Training feature "Talking the Talk." "On the ground, the most critical—but by no means the only—items to read back are hold-short commands, and it doesn't matter if the hold-short command is for a runway or a taxiway. If you don't properly read back the hold-short command, the controller is required to bug you until you do."
Acknowledging instructions is not the same as a "readback," in which you repeat the entire message to the controller, such as when receiving taxi instructions. The AIM explains:
"When taxi instructions are received from the controller, pilots should always read back:
(a) The runway assignment.(b) Any clearance to enter a specific runway.(c) Any instruction to hold short of a specific runway, or taxi into position and hold.
Controllers are required to request a readback of runway hold short assignment when it is not received from the pilot/vehicle."
These and other terms used by ATC are discussed in the "New Pilot's Guide to ATC Communications" article on AOPA Flight Training Online. Make it your mission to know how to respond.
Friday, August 22, 2008
This was my first year helping, and let me say, it reinforced my belief that I am now a resolved cat person. Then again, I didn't see the best of the dogs. Like people, they are nervous, and it shows. Some of the piles were like cowpies. Blech.
The chapter has been very supportive of my Girls With Wings activities, so I have no complaint also helping them out. They even selected me as this year's Pilot of the Year. See their website: http://lakeerie99s.homestead.com/
Thursday, August 21, 2008
High Schools: November 5 Marriott Wardman Hotel, Washington, DC
10:00 am – 2:00 pm Contact Belinda.Bender@faa.gov
University students: November 3-5 Full access to technical sessions and exhibit area.
* The Air Traffic Control Association (ATCA) has invited our FAA Centers of Excellence universities and college students to attend the upcoming conference in Washington, DC. The invitation to attend November 3 - 5 is being extended to students who are registered at COE colleges and universities or those living in the tri-state area. In an attempt to attract students who are interested in aviation-related careers, with proper student identification, ATCA is waiving the usual Conference registration fee. This opportunity includes full access to the exhibit area and technical sessions led by some of the world's most recognized aviation leaders. College students may register on the ATCA website, http://www.atca.org/
* High School students must be accompanied by teachers, or parents with proper ID, and FAA personnel will be assigned to serve as chaperones through the exhibit area. High Schools may register for the ATCA exhibit tour and workshops by contacting email@example.com by October 6. Space for High School students is limited; therefore, registration will be accepted on a first-come first-served basis.
- ATCA Scholarships Program
Air Traffic Control Association (ATCA) Scholarships are awarded to help support the financial needs of those deserving students who have chosen to seek higher education in the science of air traffic control and other aviation disciplines, as well as children of air traffic control specialists. Categories are as listed below.
- Students enrolled half- to full-time in a two- to four-year air traffic control program at an institution approved and/or licensed by the Federal Aviation Administration as directly supporting the FAA's college and training initiative.
Students enrolled half- to full-time in a program leading to a bachelor's degree or higher in an aviation-related course of study.
- Full-time employees enrolled in advanced study programs to improve their skills in air traffic control or an aviation discipline.
- U.S. citizen, children of air traffic control specialists enrolled half- to full-time in a program leading to a bachelor's degree or higher.
- Please see Terms of Reference for complete rules.
For additional information, please contact Carrie Rowe.
Wednesday, August 20, 2008
But Ken and I met when we were both pilots for a regional airline flying the Beech 1900s. Ken was my First Officer for a while - the best one I would say. He is a very proficient, professional pilot and an all around great guy. He had some time in the Cleveland area, so we met for lunch, at which time he made a very generous contribution to the Girls With Wings Scholarship in memory of his flight instructor, who just passed away recently. Look for more information to be posted on the scholarship page. Many thanks to Ken, his wife Laurie (also a pilot), and their son, James, for their support.
Whenever I think of Ken, I think of a funny story. In the 1900, the FO had to do the passenger briefing while the Captain sits up front and completes the paperwork, and for one particular leg, we only had one passenger. Ken was crawling into the seat so that we could crank the engines and go, and the passenger said to Ken (referring to me), "Oh, is she just learning to fly?" As if a pilot (even on a regional carrier) would be just starting out. Ken immediately replied, "No, she's the boss." The passenger, realizing now I was the Captain, tried to recover by saying, "Well, I figured because she was sitting in the left seat, and uh, well, uh...." We let the conversation just die out and we got on our way.
Tuesday, August 19, 2008
Ok, so what does this mean? Should I run out and buy a card at Hallmark? Who do I send it to? Orville isn't receiving mail anymore....
Well, on the big scale, according to the United States Code, TITLE 36, Subtitle I, Part A, CHAPTER 1, § 118:
The President may issue each year a proclamation
(1) designating August 19 as National Aviation Day;
(2) calling on United States Government officials to display the flag of the United States on all Government buildings on National Aviation Day; and
(3) inviting the people of the United States to observe National Aviation Day with appropriate exercises to further stimulate interest in aviation in the United States.
So, 1 has already been done. Check. 2, if you don't have a government building, is kind of hard. But 3. you could do things to celebrate National Aviation Day. For example, you could go build your own Wright Flyer. Before breakfast. Blindfolded. No?
Sporting your own Girls With Wings License Plate Frame? This picture is courtesy of Dan Kiser, Founder of Youth Aviation Adventure and an all around great supporter of Girls With Wings.
Don't have a car? That's ok, here's some alternate instructions from ehow.com.
Visit The Wright Brothers National Memorial in Kill Devil Hills, North Carolina, to see where the brothers got the first plane to work in 1903. The park has exhibits and reproductions of the 1902 glider and 1903 plane. Call (252) 441-7430 for more information on hours and events.
Go to Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park in Dayton, Ohio, which hosts the Wright brothers' third airplane, as well as a restored print shop of the brothers. It holds free outdoor events for the whole family.
Read to a child. Teach your child the history of flight and the importance of the Wright brothers. Try Jane Yolen's "My Brothers' Flying Machine," or "First Flight" by George Shea.
Make crafts with family or at school. Draw images you might see out of the window of an airplane, make paper airplanes, or create collages of aviation images from magazines.
Celebrate National Aviation Day at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force--the biggest and oldest military aviation museum. It is located in Springhill Pike, Ohio, and carries a large collection of aircraft exhibits.
WEBSITES AND ARTICLES ABOUT NATIONAL AVIATION DAY
National Aviation Hall of Fame (official): Information, history and facts about aviation.
National Aviation Day (Rumela's Web): History and Information on the holiday.
Wright Brothers National Memorial (Nat'l Park Service): Information and schedule events on the birthplace of aviation.
Aviation History Online Museum (official): Information, pictures and history of Aviation.
The History of Aviation and Modern Rocketry (TheSpacePlace): History of aviation through modern space flight.
History of Flight (AIAA): Information and history of flight from throughout the world.
This is not a traditional gift giving holiday. However, this day could be remembered though giving gifts with an aviation theme - airplanes, helicopters, balloons, gliders, spaceships or birds in flight.
GIFT IDEAS FOR NATIONAL AVIATION DAY
National Aviation Day Gift Ideas:
Airplane tickets to anywhere - just so you can fly
Local Hot Air Balloon or Helicopter trip
Model airplane or spaceship
Items emblazoned with things showing flight
Training Books on How to Fly
Books & Magazines on Flying
Movies about flight
Monday, August 18, 2008
Gary, the captain, lives on a farm in Kentucky and raises Alpacas in his free time. His website is http://www.captureyourheartalpacas.com/index.cfm. You'll notice he was kind enough to put up a link to Girls With Wings on his site. I fly with some pretty interesting and cool people!
Sunday, August 17, 2008
Saturday, August 16, 2008
Thursday, August 14, 2008
-Amy, with help from her dad, Brad.
p.s. if you would like to submit YOUR story, email us.
Wednesday, August 13, 2008
Tuesday, August 12, 2008
Monday, August 11, 2008
Sunday, August 10, 2008
Synopsis of Flyabout:
Monika Petrillo has never been a person to postpone her dreams. So at 24 she decided to get a pilot's license. A year later, her father surprised her by learning to fly as well. As the movie begins, they take off together to circumnavigate the continent of Australia.
The only woman pilot in a group of eleven people, Monika experiences the true freedom of flight above one of the most untouched places on earth. As she becomes exposed to Australian culture, she learns about the Walkabout, a spiritual journey the Aborigines have valued for tens of thousands of years. That inspires her to use this trip to take stock of her own spiritual household. The first step toward that end is to relax. But that proves much more difficult than she thought: a tight schedule, careful and constant maintenance of the aircraft, pot-holed dirt runways, mechanical failures, sudden loss of visibility and unpredictable crosswinds keep her both too busy and too uptight. But what impacts her most is the conflict that arises between her father and herself.
They had both underestimated the consequences of her father‘s limited experience as a pilot, and that quickly takes its toll—not only on the collaboration in the cockpit, but also on their relationship. Monika struggles with feelings of responsibility on the one hand versus doubts about contradicting her father, who has always been her role model, on the other.
As their plane continues its path across the outback, the young woman slowly comes to realize that personal and spiritual growth can‘t be forced. Instead of searching so hard, she starts to look out the window. And that simple action is the first step towards learning the real lesson.
Flyabout is an intimate, personal story about a pilot‘s journey around Australia. It is the story of a young woman growing into an adult and coming to grips with how generational roles change over time.
Saturday, August 09, 2008
The Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) movement that focuses on promoting these areas in education has made great strides in fostering these ideas in our nation’s classrooms. We are seeing a huge jump in the numbers of our youth getting interested in related topics such as aviation. This is a field that has always seemed to have a masculine hold over it; but through the efforts of STEM these doors are being opened up to women more and more. To help this push we’ve come up with a list of solid websites that focus on our youth getting engaged in aviation. Without further ado here’s our list:
The Youth Aviation Foundation – This site is dedicated to providing mentoring to children about aviation and helps promote strong leadership skills as well.
Violet the Pilot – This is an excellent site that allows the reader to go on fun, educational and fascinating flights with the fictitious Violet the Pilot. This is a perfect introduction to the curious child who has a serious interest in aviation.
SciJinks – This is a very interactive site that is perfect for young teenagers to learn about the different effects weather has on aviation. It also has a strong section on learning how to prepare for the different weather patterns encountered in the skies. This is hosted in part by NASA.
ProFlight Futures – This site is geared for the high school student interested in a career in aviation and is also very helpful for parents and educators. The site gives the user an insight into how you can get on the aviator career path and also supplies information about scholarships and grants to flight schools. Very insightful!
Flights of Inspiration – This is a UK-based website that aims to inspire young adults to consider a career in aviation. The site takes you through a number of fascinating trips in aviation history with looks at some of the industry’s incredible luminaries.
AvKids – This is an excellent site geared to the younger aviator as it explores the industry in terms accessible for the younger set. There are interactive games for the user to partake in and excellent photo albums dedicated to the world of aviation. This is also a great site that children and their parents can look at together.
This post was contributed by Heather Johnson, who writes on the subject of teaching certificate. She invites your feedback at heatherjohnson2323 at gmail dot com.
Would you like to contribute to the Girls With Wings blog? Please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org with your projected topic. Thank you!
Friday, August 08, 2008
Wednesday, August 06, 2008
I have just now published the August newsletter, announcing the new Girls With Wings scholarship. You can read it in its entirety at http://girlswithwings.com/eZine/VIP4-8.html
As far as the actual Oshkosh event went, EAA says, "Numbers Show Another Successful AirVenture:"
Attendance and other figures are coming in from the recently concluded EAA AirVenture Oshkosh 2008, and they're reflecting what EAA President Tom Poberezny said in preliminary reports on Sunday; this year's convention was another Oshkosh success that solidified the importance of EAA AirVenture to the aviation community.
"The concern was that 2008 would be less than a banner year, because of questions and challenges in areas such as fuel prices and the economy, but it turned out to be an overwhelming week," Poberezny said. "Each day on the grounds was filled with outstanding activities that made every day at AirVenture a unique event in itself. This year's 'Oshkosh' was the shot of enthusiasm, inspiration, and economic boost that aviation needed."
Overall attendance is estimated at 540,000, which is a slight drop from last year but on par with the 2006 event. Poberezny attributed the steady figures to outstanding programs, numerous announcements for aviation innovations, and superb weather. Exhibitors reported "good to record-setting sales."
We hope you like hot pink! Thursday morning saw a record gathering of female
pilots on AeroShell Square here at EAA AirVenture. The rendezvous reminded
visitors to the show that aviation isn't just for the boys' club and hopefully
encouraged women of all ages and backgrounds to pursue their interest in flying.
Among the attendees were celebrity pilots, renowned authors, acclaimed
journalists and photographers, and many recognizable movers and shakers in the
Thank you for your support,